Faster Than Fear
Word Paynn plans to get rid of the Dragon Booster by using his own fears against him and trapping him in the ancient Shadow Track. He tells Moordryd Paynn to capture Artha Penn and his friends and round them to the track in order to draw out the Dragon Booster. Trouble ensues and Artha, Lance Penn, Moordryd and Cain remain trapped on the Shadow Track.
Faster than Fear
None of the above is a reason to try to persuade people not to take SARS seriously. Rather, it is a reason to teach people how to take SARS seriously. The three Golden Rules for addressing legitimate fears:
For the most part it is not the highest-level public health officials who have been guilty of this soft cover-up, this desperate effort to allay our fears instead of helping guide our fears. To their credit, the leaders of several important organizations are calmly saying very alarming things.
While senior national and international health officials are appropriately raising alarm, and expecting us to bear it, local officials and experts, apparently unable to bear public anxiety, are still fantasizing about that push-button public. They wish we would stay perfectly calm and still until they tell us exactly what to do. They translate our insufferable anxiety, and perhaps their own SARS fears and feelings of inadequacy, into barely disguised disdain for the public.
In a crisis (or when one is impending), people are right to be fearful and miserable. Both emotions are at risk of flipping into denial or bravado, or escalating into terror or depression, or receding into apathy. To help us bear our feelings, respect our feelings.
Self-protective action helps mitigate fear; victim-aid action helps mitigate misery. All action helps us bear our emotions, and thus reduces the pressure to suppress or escalate them. And besides, you can use the extra arms, legs, and brains! Figure out what needs doing to prepare your community for a possible SARS crisis; then figure out what parts of the task ordinary citizens can help accomplish. Where possible, offer people a menu of possible actions, so they are challenged not just to do things but to decide which things to do.
Even though laypeople are typically more emotional about risk than most technical experts, the gap is smaller than you may think. In fact, the parallels between how ordinary people confront SARS and how experts and officials confront SARS are considerably more impressive than the differences.
The six-hour series is centered on Sunny, a young female detective returning to work after a traumatic assault. When female targeting killer escapes from prison, she engages in a dangerous game of cat-and-mouse, facing her darkest fears.
Owen, Laura Hazard. "Fear, surprise, disgust: Fake news spreads faster than some real news on Twitter." Nieman Journalism Lab. Nieman Foundation for Journalism at Harvard, 9 Mar. 2018. Web. 2 Apr. 2023.
Owen, L. (2018, Mar. 9). Fear, surprise, disgust: Fake news spreads faster than some real news on Twitter. Nieman Journalism Lab. Retrieved April 2, 2023, from -surprise-and-disgust-why-fake-news-spreads-faster-than-real-news-on-twitter/
Owen, Laura Hazard. "Fear, surprise, disgust: Fake news spreads faster than some real news on Twitter." Nieman Journalism Lab. Last modified March 9, 2018. Accessed April 2, 2023. -surprise-and-disgust-why-fake-news-spreads-faster-than-real-news-on-twitter/.
Individuals react more quickly to a fearful expression than to faces showing other emotions such as joy, a study in the journal Emotion found.Researchers from Vanderbilt University found the same speedy reaction to fear when only the eyes were visible.It is thought the brain has evolved to react more quickly to potentially threatening situationsThe brain responds very quickly to all facial expressions - at a speed of less than 40 milliseconds.So to assess if certain emotions prompt a faster reaction, the researchers had to slow down the speed at which volunteers became aware of facial expressions.A happy face prompted the slowest reaction timeVolunteers looked through a viewer which flashed a black and white, quick-changing pattern to one eye and a static image of a face to the other eye.The flashing image had the effect of slowing down the speed at which the individual noticed the face.Quick responseParticipants became aware of a fearful expression far faster than a neutral or happy face.Reaction to happy faces was consistently slower than for the other expressions looked at.The fast reaction to fear was the same if the whole face was visible or just the eyes.It is thought an area of the brain called the amygdala can process simple visual signals bypassing the normal visual processing pathway.Dr David Zald, associate professor of psychology at Vanderbilt University in Nashville, Tennessee said: "We believe that the brain can detect certain cues even before we are aware of them, so that we can direct our attention to potentially threatening situations in our environment." Neutral expressions also produced slower responses than fearHe added there was other evidence showing the eyes were an important part of the picture. "Fearful eyes are a particular shape, where you get more of the whites of the eye showing."That may be the sort of simple feature that the amygdala can pick up on, because it's only getting a fairly crude representation."He added that the brain may react to happy faces slowly because they signal safety and do not require immediate attention.The team are now planning to do a similar study to look at the response to anger.Dr Bahador Bahrami, associate researcher in the UCL Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience in London said the findings were very interesting but not unexpected."It's quite well accepted that fearful faces have a special significance."And other imaging studies have shown the brain responds more strongly to fear, so this is consistent with that finding." E-mail this to a friend Printable version Bookmark with: Delicious Digg reddit Facebook StumbleUpon What are these?
More than 600,000 South Koreans have signed an online petition asking that Chinese nationals be banned from entering their country. In Malaysia, more than 400,000 have signed a similar petition. Mongolia and North Korea, meanwhile, have each sealed their borders to Chinese travelers, and the Philippines has stopped issuing visas on arrival for the Chinese.
The widespread fears come in spite of the fact that most public health officials generally advise against travel restrictions because of the potential to cause more harm -- by hindering medical personnel, breeding a false sense of security and motivating people to skirt any bans, making infections much harder to track. Studies on the efficacy of such travel bans in the past have concluded they only briefly delayed but were ultimately unable to stop the spread of epidemics, that the costs outweighed any benefits, and that they may have in fact exacerbated the global crisis.
Fear is one of the most basic human emotions. It is programmed into the nervous system and works like an instinct. From the time we're infants, we are equipped with the survival instincts necessary to respond with fear when we sense danger or feel unsafe.
When we sense danger, the brain reacts instantly, sending signals that activate the nervous system. This causes physical responses, such as a faster heartbeat, rapid breathing, and an increase in blood pressure. Blood pumps to muscle groups to prepare the body for physical action (such as running or fighting). Skin sweats to keep the body cool. Some people might notice sensations in the stomach, head, chest, legs, or hands. These physical sensations of fear can be mild or strong.
People fear things or situations that make them feel unsafe or unsure. For instance, someone who isn't a strong swimmer might have a fear of deep water. In this case, the fear is helpful because it cautions the person to stay safe. Someone could overcome this fear by learning how to swim safely.
Many people have a fear of public speaking. Whether it's giving a report in class, speaking at an assembly, or reciting lines in the school play, speaking in front of others is one of the most common fears people have.
People can overcome unnecessary fears by giving themselves the chance to learn about and gradually get used to the thing or situation they're afraid of. For example, people who fly despite a fear of flying can become used to unfamiliar sensations like takeoff or turbulence. They learn what to expect and have a chance to watch what others do to relax and enjoy the flight. Gradually (and safely) facing fear helps someone overcome it.
Young kids often have fears of the dark, being alone, strangers, and monsters or other scary imaginary creatures. School-aged kids might be afraid when it's stormy or at a first sleepover. As they grow and learn, with the support of adults, most kids are able to slowly conquer these fears and outgrow them.
Some kids are more sensitive to fears and may have a tough time overcoming them. When fears last beyond the expected age, it might be a sign that someone is overly fearful, worried, or anxious. People whose fears are too intense or last too long might need help and support to overcome them.
A phobia is an intense fear reaction to a particular thing or a situation. With a phobia, the fear is out of proportion to the potential danger. But to the person with the phobia, the danger feels real because the fear is so very strong.
Phobias cause people to worry about, dread, feel upset by, and avoid the things or situations they fear because the physical sensations of fear can be so intense. So having a phobia can interfere with normal activities. A person with a phobia of dogs might feel afraid to walk to school in case he or she sees a dog on the way. Someone with an elevator phobia might avoid a field trip if it involves going on an elevator.
A girl with a phobia of thunderstorms might be afraid to go to school if the weather forecast predicts a storm. She might feel terrible distress and fear when the sky turns cloudy. A guy with social phobia experiences intense fear of public speaking or interacting, and may be afraid to answer questions in class, give a report, or speak to classmates in the lunchroom. 041b061a72